Gender-based violence is a silent disease. It affects women and girls of all ages but is particularly hard with those who live in poverty and face social vulnerability. In this report, we analyse the context, the typology and the features of this grave human rights violation, which has a big social and economic impact in Europe. We present the situation of the EU28, the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and the candidate countries, including some good practices. Finally, we analyse the EU role and the Istanbul Convention, recommending 15 measures that governments should implement in order to eradicate gender-based violence and promote the victims’ human rights in Europe.